White Crane: The Legacy of Fang Chi

Author: Zanna Vaughan-Davies
Artist: Santiago Espina
Publisher: Markosia Enterprises Ltd
Subject: Comic Books/Graphic Novels/Martial Arts


When her father Fang Hun is brutally murdered along with the order of Chang San Feng, little Chi embarks on a quest for vengeance against his killer, Lung, head of the evil snake cult. Along the way she is helped by a mystic who appears to her as a ghostly white crane. Whilst Chi heals and grows in strength, the snake cult are busy harnessing an incredible power to unite five elements and rain destruction on the world.


Shaw Brothers meets Quentin Tarantino in this story sporting snappy dialogue, and grounded in kung-fu history. All are vividly brought to life with colourful metaphors, characters and settings straight from a 70’s wuxia film. Writer Zanna Vaughan-Davies has included all the hallmarks of classic kung-fu cinema, all present and accounted for from trash talking about whose style is better to epic hand-to-hand battles.

The artwork by Santiago Espina is intricately detailed, and vibrant (Fan Hung’s perfect abs are to die for) yet tinted with some pages drawn with charcoaled edges as if having aged over time. This gives the comic the look and feel of an ancient book, along with a 3D element which draws you into the story’s setting. In capturing the comic-fu action, Espina has drawn easy-to-follow storyboards of step-by-step moves which are swift and powerful.

Like much of Hong Kong cinema-style action, the fights pictured come complete with bombastically comical captions naming combinations like “Splitting Fist Metal” and “Five Element Fist Three Trinity Posture”. As the flashback and story unfolds, the fight action turns dark and bloody, the scene featuring Chi’s father Fang Hung slicing and dicing a hoard of snake cult henchman is lifted from the “Baby Cart” film series’ later homage in Tarantino’s “Kill Bill” epic.

Like all good wuxia stories embedded in Zen philosophy, “White Crane” has a series of meaningful elements brought together in a unifying and entertaining book.


Book One of this epic saga does more than tantalise; it hurls you straight into the action and emotion of this Shaw Brothers-esque revenge tale. The colour scheme tinted, making it look like an ancient text adds an extra dimension of fun. Writer and artist Davies and Espina both go all out to whisk you away on an adventure to another time and place. Basing the story on a real life kung fu legend sufficiently grounds this fantastic tale in the real word, much like “47 Ronin”, and no doubt kung fu historians will revel in looking for those historic inclusions.

As a little extra, Vaughan-Davies outlines his search for new artists when the original artists became unavailable. The alternative visions other artists had in mind is certainly fascinating, especially for those interested in the artwork.  Overall, book one of “The Legacy of Fang Chi” is an entertainingly blood-thirsty wuxia story and comic book lovers’ delight with the best of both worlds rolled into one along with some stunning artwork and equally graphic action.


  • The main character Fan Chi is based on Fang Qīniáng a female martial artist who developed the Fujian style of White Crane Kung-Fu.
  • Writer Zanna Vaughan-Davies has studied internal Chinese martial arts and healing practices for over 15 years and has incorporated much of his own knowledge of techniques into the story.
  • Story has it that Fang Qīniáng developed the style after her encounter with a crane which she tried to scare off with a stick. Already an accomplished martial artist, her skills were no match for the crane as it evaded, parried and blocked all of her moves.
  • Qīniáng studied the crane’s movements incorporating the techniques learned from her father ultimately creating White Crane style Kung-Fu
  • The White Crane is the ‘mother art’ for what was to become the traditional Okinawan system we know today as Goju-Ryu Karate.

Book Rating: 8/10

What are your impressions on women such as Fang Qīniáng in the martial arts and which kung-fu or combat comics would you like to see narrated, perhaps into a film? Let us know in the comments below, feel free to join in the conversation on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. (Don’t forget to check out our other literature reviews for an intellectual kick!)

Ramon Youseph

Ever since he first saw the great Bruce Lee in Enter The Dragon on the big screen whilst living in Iran, Ramon has been fascinated with martial arts, and at age 6 attended classes in Kan Zen Ryu Karate under Sensei Reza Pirasteh. When he moved to the UK, martial arts came calling in his early teens in the shape of the mysterious art of Ki Aikido which he studied for five years. Since then he has practiced Feng Shou Kung Fu, Lee Style Tai Chi, Taekwondo, Kickboxing before returning to Aikido, studying under Sensei Michael Narey. As well as Bruce Lee, Ramon is a big fan of martial arts actors Jackie Chan, Cynthia Rothrock, Jeff Wincott, Richard Norton and Tadashi Yamashita to name a few. Ramon is an aspiring writer and when he is not honing his craft he likes to go out running, hiking and is still trying to count to ten in Japanese.

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